bond exists between man and animal.We love, marvel, admire, and invite these creatures into our homes
and make them part of our families. Humans have a long history and appeal of exotic animals.The
first formal zoo was the Tower Menagerie in London, which was formed in 1235.Many animals hold
a lasting impression on history.Here is a list of some world famous animals and their stories.
Meet Gerald the
giraffe and Eddie the goat.Gerald arrived at Noah’s Ark Zoo Farm in 2006 when he was two years
old.He was expected to be paired with a female giraffe, but a match was hard to find, so Eddie the
goat was added to his enclosure.Noah's Ark Zoo Farm is a 100-acre zoo and entertainment centre
in Wraxall, North Somerset, about 6 miles (9.7 km) from Bristol in the United Kingdom.It
was originally supposed to be a temporary move, but the couple became the best of friends.They hit
it off right away and Eddie has become a great companion for Gerald.
The pair can often times be seen running around the enclosure playfully chasing each
other.In the summer months Gerald takes to licking Eddie on the head.Gerald eats
off of a raised platform and Eddie grazes from the ground, but they prefer to eat together.One of
Gerald and Eddie’s roommates, a zebra named Zebedee, can be a bit of a bully and often times chases Eddie, but
Gerald is always quick to straighten out the situation.The pair make an usual and special partnership.
14. Ol' Rip
the Horned Toad
was a horned lizard who supposedly survived a 31-year hibernation as an entombed animal.His name
is a reference to the fictional character Rip Van Winkle.In 1897, a horned lizard was placed in a
cornerstone of the Eastland County Courthouse in Eastland, Texas along with other time capsule memorabilia.When the courthouse was torn down 31 years later, the cornerstone was opened and a live horned lizard was produced,
allegedly from within the time capsule.The lizard became a celebrity and went on tour, even visiting Washington, D.C. to meet President Calvin Coolidge.Ol' Rip died 11 months later, and
his remains can be seen on display in the new Eastland County Courthouse.In 1973 the body was stolen
and an anonymous letter explained that the finding of Ol' Rip alive had been a hoax and demanded other unnamed
co-conspirators should come forth.No one ever did.
was a male golden eagle who lived at London Zoo during the 1960s. He caused a nationwide sensation when he escaped for
12 days in March 1965.Goldie flew away from his keepers on February
28, 1965, while his cage was being cleaned.He avoided being recaptured for nearly two weeks, despite a massive effort using equipment borrowed from the Royal Navy and British Civil Defense.Goldie
spent most of the time in Regent's Park, which surrounds the zoo, but he also made excursions into the nearby neighborhoods of Camden Town, Tottenham Court Road, and Euston.
escape enthralled the British public.The zoo received thousands of phone calls and letters, and large
crowds gathered in Regent's Park to watch the bird's keepers trying to catch him.While free,
the predatory bird killed and ate a duck in the garden of the American ambassador to Britain.He also attacked two terriers in the park.Goldie was finally caught on March 11 after the zoo's deputy
head keeper tempted him to earth with a dead rabbit.He was in good health after his experience and
was reunited with his mate, Regina. The zoo's attendance nearly doubled in the days after his return.
was Confederate General Robert E. Lee's most famous horse during the American Civil War.Traveller
was originally named Jeff Davis and was born near the Blue Sulphur Springs, in Greenbrier County, Virginia.He took the first prize at the Lewisburg and Virginia fairs in 1859 and 1860. Traveller was a sturdy horse,
weighing 1,100 pounds (500 kg).He was iron gray in color with black points, a long mane, and flowing
tail.In 1961, Robert E. Lee ordered Joseph M. Broun to purchase a good serviceable horse for use
during the war.Traveller was purchased for $175.General Lee took a fancy to the horse, referring to him as his "colt".Traveller was a horse of great stamina and was
difficult to frighten.After the war, he accompanied Lee to Washington College in Lexington, Virginia.
Traveller lost many hairs from his tail
to admirers (veterans and college students) who wanted a souvenir of the famous horse and his general.Lee wrote to his daughter Mildred that "the boys are plucking out his tail, and he is presenting the appearance of
a plucked chicken."In 1870, during Lee's funeral procession, Traveller was led behind the
caisson bearing the General's casket, his saddle and bridle draped with black crepe.Not long
after Lee's death, in the summer of 1871, Traveller stepped on a nail and developed tetanus.There
was no cure, and he was euthanized to relieve his suffering.
(or "Winnie") was the name given to a female black bear that lived at London Zoo from 1915 until her death
in 1934.She was purchased as a small cub for $20 by Lt Harry Colebourn in White River, Ontario.He was en route to the Western Front during the First World War.The bear was smuggled into Britain as an unofficial regimental mascot.She was named after her home city of Winnipeg in Manitoba.Before leaving for France, Colebourn left Winnie at the London Zoo.She quickly became a popular
attraction and was much loved for her playfulness and gentleness.Among her fans was A. A. Milne's
son Christopher Robin, who named his own teddy bear “Winnie,” giving Winnie-the-Pooh his name.
was a Siberian Husky sled dog who led his team on the final leg of the 1925 serum run to Nome.The
serum run to Nome is a famous event in which 20 mushers and about 150 sled dogs relayed diphtheria antitoxin 674 miles (1,085 km) by dog sled across the U.S. territory of Alaska in a record-breaking five and a half days, saving the
then small city of Nome and the surrounding communities from an incipient epidemic.For those who
don’t know, diphtheria is a deadly upper respiratory tract illness characterized by sore throat, low fever, and an adherent membrane on the tonsils, pharynx, and/or nasal cavity.During 1925 the only
doctor in Nome and the surrounding communities was Curtis Welch.In the summer of 1924, his supply
of 8,000 units of diphtheria antitoxin (from 1918) expired and the order he placed with the health commissioner
in Juneau did not arrive before the port closed.
Gunnar Kaasen drove the sled dog team led by Balto.Balto proved superior on the Iditarod trail, saving
his team in the Topkok River.Balto was also able to stay on the trail in near whiteout conditions
in which Kaasen admitted he could barely see his hand in front of his face. During a blizzard, Kaasen and his team missed the last sled dog team and had to take the medicine twice as far, which was what eventually
brought them to fame.After the mission's success, Balto and Kaasen became celebrities.A statue of Balto, sculpted by Frederick Roth, was erected in New York City's Central Park on December
a domestic sheep named Dolly became the first mammal to be cloned from an adult somatic cell, using the process
of nuclear transfer.She was cloned by Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell, and colleagues at the Roslin Institute near Edinburgh in Scotland.Dolly was born on July 5, 1996, and lived until the age of six.Her entire life was spent at the Roslin Institute.Dolly was bred with a Welsh Mountain ram
and produced six lambs in total.She has been called "the world's most famous sheep".The cell used as the donor for cloning Dolly was taken from a mammary gland.The production
of a healthy clone proved that a cell taken from a specific part of the body could recreate a whole individual.She was named after the famous country western singer Dolly Parton.Dolly’s remains are
exhibited at the Royal Museum of Scotland.
On April 14, 2009,
it was announced that Dr. Nisar Ahmad Wani, a veterinarian embryologist at the Camel Reproduction Center in Dubai, United
Arab Emirates, had successfully cloned the first camel.Her name is Injaz and she is a dromedary
camel.Injaz was born after an "uncomplicated" gestation of 378 days.The
cloning project had the personal endorsement and financial support of Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the Prime Minister,
Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, and the emir of Dubai.
Injaz was created from ovarian cells of an adult camel killed for its meat in 2005.The cells
were grown in tissue culture and then frozen in liquid nitrogen.Afterwards, one of the cells was
injected into a nucleus-removed oocyte of the surrogate camel, which were fused with an electric current and chemically
induced to initiate cell division. The resulting embryo was cultured for a week and implanted back into the surrogate
camel's uterus.Camel racing is a lucrative industry in the UAE and Dr. Lulu Skidmore, the Center's scientific director, commented that the camel cloning "gives a means of preserving the valuable genetics of our
elite racing and milk-producing camels in the future."
8. The Only Photo of a Living Quagga
The quagga is an
extinct subspecies of the Common zebra.It was once found in South Africa's Cape Province and
the southern part of the Orange Free State.The quagga was distinguished from other zebras by having
black and white stripes only on the front part of its body.In the mid-section of the animal the
stripes faded and the quagga’s rear end was a plain brown.The species lived in the drier parts
of South Africa, on grassland.It was hunted for its meat and fur, and is one of many victims of modern
mass extinction.The quagga was the first extinct species to have its DNA studied.The
only living quagga to have ever been photographed was a mare at the Zoological Society of London's Zoo in Regent's
Park in 1870.I couldn’t find her name, but here is the photo.
7. Sam the Koala
was a female koala from the forests of Mirboo North, Victoria, Australia, who became known when a video of her being
rescued from a bushfire by a firefighter was distributed on the internet and through the media.The
video shows firefighter David Tree approaching Sam who initially attempts to flee but then stops and accepts some
water.It was initially thought that Sam had been rescued following the February 2009 Victorian bushfires;
however, the event actually occurred in the week before the worst of the fires, during back burning operations initiated
by firefighters.Tree and his crew came across Sam when they were blacking out after the fires had
Sam was subsequently taken
to the Mountain Ash Wildlife Centre in Rawson where she was found to be suffering from second-degree burns to her paws and was given painkillers.After exploratory surgery on her bladder and uterus to evaluate the possible
removal of cysts caused by urogenital chlamydiosis, it was determined that Sam’s condition was inoperable and she
was euthanised to prevent her suffering.Sam died young, but her legend will live on.
Jumbo was a large African
bush elephant who was born in 1861 in the French Sudan.He was imported to France and kept in the
old Zoo Jardin des Plantes.In 1865, Jumbo was transferred to the London Zoo, where he became famous for giving rides to visitors.Jumbo was sold in 1882 to P. T. Barnum, owner of "The
Greatest Show on Earth" (the Barnum & Bailey Circus), for $10,000.After Barnum purchased
Jumbo, over 100,000 school children wrote to Queen Victoria begging her not to sell him.At the time
of his death Jumbo was measured at 4 metres (13 ft) tall.Tragically, Jumbo died in St. Thomas,
Ontario, Canada, where he was crushed by a locomotive.To commemorate the tragedy, a life-sized statue
of Jumbo was built in St. Thomas.
The Death of Jumbo
Harriot with Steve Irwin
was a Galápagos tortoise who had an estimated age of 175 years at the time of her death in Australia.She was born in 1830 and died in 2006. Harriet is the second oldest tortoise ever authenticated, the oldest being
Tu'i Malila, who died in 1965 at the age of 188.Tu'i Malila was a tortoise given
to the royal family of Tonga by Captain James Cook.He was a radiated tortoise from Madagascar.Harriet was reportedly collected by Charles Darwin during his 1835 visit to the Galápagos Islands as part
of his round-the-world survey expedition.She was then transported to England and ultimately brought
to her final home in Australia.However, some doubt was cast on this story by the fact that Darwin
had never visited the island that Harriet originally came from. Many theories exist surrounding her origins.
Harriet was thought to be male for many years and was actually named Harry until the 1960’s.On November 15, 2005, her much publicized 175th birthday was celebrated
at Australia Zoo.Harriet died in her enclosure on June 23, 2006
of heart failure following a short illness.Harriet was said to be very good-natured.She loved the attention of humans and enjoyed it when people patted her on the scute.Harriet
spent a majority of her day napping at her home pond.Her favorite food was hibiscus flowers.
4. Guy the Gorilla
Guy is one of the
most famous animals ever to live at London Zoo.He was a Western Lowland Gorilla that became
something of a celebrity in the 1960s and 70s.Guy was often profiled on kids TV shows and natural
history productions.He arrived at the zoo on November 5, 1947,
the Guy Fawkes Night, hence his name.The Guy Fawkes Night is an annual celebration on the evening
of November 5.It marks the downfall of the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Guy was a tiny baby, weighing just 23 lb (10 kg), when he arrived at the zoo. He was the replacement for the zoo's
previous gorilla, Meng, who died in 1941. Guy was captured in the French Cameroons on behalf of Paris Zoo and was
traded for a tiger from Calcutta Zoo.
gorillas are the world's largest primates and the males can weigh between 140 and 275 kilogrammes.His
appearance was fearsome yet his nature was very gentle, when small birds flew into his cage, he reportedly lifted them up on his hands and examined them carefully and fondly.This gentleness is said to have been
a major part of his great popularity.Guy died aged over 30 years, in 1978 of a heart attack during
an operation on his infected teeth. By the time of his death he had become an English icon.
Bobby was a Skye Terrier who became famous in the 19th-century in Edinburgh and Scotland.Bobby
made international news after reportedly spending fourteen years guarding his owner's grave, until his own death
on January 14, 1872.A year after the dog died, the philanthropist Lady Burdett Coutts had a
statue and fountain erected to commemorate him. Several books and films have been based on Bobby's
life, including Greyfriars Bobby by Eleanor Atkinson and the films Greyfriars Bobby (1961,
Walt Disney Productions) and The Adventures of Greyfriars Bobby (2006).
Brian Dennis is
a United States Major who has served numerous tours in Iraq. He was assigned to patrol the Iraqi forts on the border
of Iraq and Syria.In this area of the world numerous wild packs of dogs live in the desert.Brain began to form a bond with a puppy in one of the packs.This specific dog had been
mutilated and had his ears cut off by an Iraqi soldier.The American soldiers named the dog Nubs.
In one interaction with Nubs Dennis noticed that he had a deep puncture wound in his side.It was determined that Nubs had been stabbed with a screwdriver.Dennis was able to nurse him
back to health, but the dog was facing adversity with every passing day.
Dennis often had to leave Nubs behind, as the soldiers moved camp. In
one specific instance his squadron moved 75 miles away from the location of the dog pack, two days later, a tattered
Nubs stumbled into the soldiers camp.He had traveled 75 miles across the desert in below freezing
conditions.It was an incredible feat of nature.Dennis raised $5,000 and had Nubs
flown to the U.S.Brian Dennis and Nubs live together in San Diego, California.
was an American Thoroughbred racehorse, who in 1973 became the first U.S. Triple Crown champion in 25 years.He set records in the Kentucky Derby (1:59 2/5) and the Belmont Stakes (2:24).Secretariat
was owned by Penny Chenery, trained by Canadian Lucien Laurin, and mainly ridden by jockey Ron Turcotte.The horse stood approximately 16 hands 2 inches tall, and weighed 1,175 pounds in his racing prime.He became an international celebrity after winning the Belmont Stakes (the 3rd leg of the Triple Crown) by
During the Belmont Secretariat
ran the fastest 1½ miles on dirt in the history of racing, 2:24 flat, which broke the stakes record by more than
2 seconds.This works out to a speed of 37.5 mph for his entire performance.No
other horse has ever broken 2:25 for 1½ miles on dirt.Upon retirement he became a stud horse.Secretariat sired a number of major stakes winners, including 1986 Horse of the Year Lady's
Secret, 1988 Preakness and Belmont Stakes winner Risen Star, and 1990 Melbourne Cup winner Kingston Rule, who broke the course record in Australia's richest race.He was a marvelous horse and one of the fastest to
In 1850, Obaysch
became the first hippopotamus to be seen in England since prehistoric times, and the first in Europe since Ancient Rome.He was captured on Obaysch Island off the White Nile River when he was less than one year old.The Ottoman Viceroy of Egypt, Abbas Pasha, agreed with the British Consul General, Sir Charles Augustus Murray
to swap Obaysch and some other exotic animals for some greyhounds and deerhounds.Obaysch was
sent by boat down the Nile to Cairo, accompanied by a herd of cows to provide him with milk.He was
sent by P&O steamer to Southampton, and arrived at London Zoo on May 25, 1850.
Obaysch was an instant sensation in London, attracting up to 10,000 visitors each day.The number of visitors to the Zoo in 1850 was double the previous year.Obaysch received a
mate in 1854, when a hippo named Adhela was shipped to London.The pair did not produce any offspring
for 18 years, when Adhela gave birth to a female hippo named Guy Fawkes.Obaysch passed away
in 1878 at the age of 29.